India has seen many eras blooming on her soil. Each era has left its indelible lifestyle, thinking, languages, tastes and the whole culture. From Harappas to Maurya, Guptas to Sultans and Mughals to the English, India saw a metamorphosis in each era. People mixed, cultures interchanged each century brought a new India influenced by all, yet retaining its old identity. So the whole of India was dotted with temples, mosques and churches, palaces, havelis and forts.
The biggest asset of India as a desirable tourist destination is its 5000 year old heritage – historical and cultural. Every region in India developed a culture of its own. The culture is a wide term which includes language, rituals, beliefs, festivals, tradition, given by a father to his son, carried on with generations.
The regional diversity is attributed to the fact that the historical roots of the development of each region culturally depend much on the dynasties ruling it and also on their proximity to other cultures. This limited regional influence was seen in the languages, cuisines, dressing styles, dance and music. The local perceptions and feelings gave way to regional beliefs and traditions.
The desert state of Rajasthan for example with Thar as its background and shifting sand-dunes, mirages and camels, vast palaces, forts and haveli’s present a very distinct aura. The Rajput culture with bright Bandhini colors, designs and royal background gives a very different look. Its unique architecture of the palaces, folk dances and art give its distinction of epitome of cultural tourism in India.
But one jewel that attracts bulk of tourists is Agra. The great Mughals gave India architectural splendour and influence of Persia. It reached its zenith with the Taj Mahal, its architectural perfection gave its place as one of the 7wonders of the world. Today, the Taj Mahal has become synonymous with India.
Be it the ancient Indian beauty in form of caves of Ajanta, the sun temple, the Khajuraho temples, the medieval beauty of Qutub Minar, Red fort, Fatehpur Sikri and other forts with Islamic influence of Persia, Turkey and Afghanistan, or even the English and the Portuguese influence in Victoria Memorial, the gateway of India and churches in Goa.
All these eras gave India some spectacular masterpieces which are not found anywhere on the globe. Some masterpieces are objects of awe and mystery, not only because of their unique craftsmanship, challenging the modern technology but because of their technical superiority. No one has been able to solve the mystery of shaking minars in the mosque tomb of Raj Bibi in Ahmedabad. The Bhool Bhulaiyan in Lucknow, and the wonders of Gol Gumbaz speak for themselves. In fact, you can never have enough of India when it comes to the architectural wonders and excellence.