Eating disorder is a form of disease that affects a large number of people. There are many different categories of eating disorders in our world today and many people suffer from them.
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that is characterised by person with a body weight less than 85% of what is considered normal weight. Anorexics have a fear of being fat. Anorexics limit their food intake. People who are anorexic continue to diet even when they are bone thin, they are never satisfied with their appearances. They engage in excessive exercising and long depressions, these are some of the danger signs anorexics show. This self-starving behaviour can lead to severe emancipation or even death. Anorexics see normal fat on the body as fat that needs to be eliminated. They often find sleeping and resting a discomfort because they have lost their normal body fat. There are many dangers from starving yourself, the body tends to slow down and even stop certain body processes, blood pressure may fall, breathing rate may drop and menstruation also stops. The thyroid gland disappears and this is the gland that regulates growth. Nails and hair become brittle; skin is dry, light headiness, constipation, and swelling of the joints. When fat is reduced, the body temperature begins to fall and soft hair forms on the body for warmth. The body chemicals may also be imbalanced, heart failure may occur.
People who suffer from bulimia nervosa also want to be thin, but they do it in a different fashion called binging and purging. Binging is when a person eats bunch of food, exceeding normal calorie intake. Purging is the way they get rid of it. A person is suffering from bulimia if they have a dramtic loss of weight in a short period of time. The normal calorie intake for a normal eater is 2000-3000 calories in a day. The average bulimic will usually average 3400 calories in 2hours. This upsets the body’s balance of chemicals, which may cause fatigue, seizures, irregular heartbeats and thinner bones.
While most of the eating disorders females are more affected than men. Anorexics and bulimics are often known to be perfectionists and when they don’t perform excellent in something, they punish themselves with starvation, binging or purging. People with eating disorders have mood swings, lack of motivation, anxiety, panic attacks, isolation and loneliness. All of these symptoms are suicidal. Victims don’t have to look like they are underweight or even average to suffer from any signs and symptoms of eating disorders. It doesn’t mean they suffer less or are in less danger.